Методические рекомендации для формирования и и оценки навыка презентации на английском языке


Методические рекомендации

для формирования и оценки навыка презентации на английском языке

Обучение навыкам презентации занимает особое место в преподавании иностранных языков, т.к. это тот комплекс навыков, который с успехом может быть использован не только в отдалённом будущем в профессиональной деятельности, но и непосредственно в процессе обучения в университете. Это могут быть занятия по учебным дисциплинам, выступления на научно-практических и международных студенческих конференциях.

Изучение данного аспекта позволяет студентам:

овладеть техникой проведения эффективной презентации на английском языке;

повысить коммуникативную компетентность и улучшить презентационные навыки;

научиться способам эффективного представления информации и приёмам успешного взаимодействия с аудиторией.

повысить уровень языковых компетенций.

Предлагаемые ключевые моменты подготовки студентов к проведению презентации на английском языке могут быть использованы как часть конспекта занятий.

 

Most of us think of communication as just speaking or writing. However, that is only one part of the actual process. In fact, over half of an oral message is actually communicated visually.

Hence, we can say that it is not so much what you say as how you say it.

Box 1

 

The process of delivering an effective talk is comprised of two parts: preparation and presentation. Both are equally important.

 

Step 1. Planning

Careful planning of a presentation will make you more confident and help you to overcome your nervousness.

There are five elements to consider when preparing a talk.

1. Objective

To inform

To persuade

To train

To entertain the audience, etc.

2. Audience

Who is your audience?

How many people will be attending?

What do they need to know?

What do they expect?

 

3. Contents

Brainstorm your ideas

Decide what is the most relevant and appropriate to deliver

Be selective, don’t present too much in your message

 

4. Structure

Most audiences appreciate the structure which is easy to follow. It consists simply of three parts: an introduction, a middle section (the body) and a conclusion.

But in modern approach a more up-to-date structure is adopted.

Box 2

 

Besides:

Humour in good taste and relevant is welcome

Passive verbs and abstract concepts, as well as jargon, are better avoided

One is recommended to give the audience clear signals to show the direction your presentation is taking*

*В данном случае имеется ввиду такое понятие, как signposting, т.еразы, дающие слушателям представление о том, как развивается повествование. (даны в приложениях)

Visual aids are used only as a support or illustration of what you are delivering and to add emphasis to a talk, but they must be simple to understand (materials, hand-outs, OHP, laptop, pointer, Power Point etc.)

5. Rehearsal

This is to:

Identify any weak points or gaps

To make sure you can pronounce any figures and proper names correctly and confidently

To fine-tune the timing

Step 2. Presentation

If you wish to make an effective presentation, take care of five elements.

1. Nervousness

Prepare your talk well

Do not fall into the trap of speaking too quickly

In fact, speak slower during the first few moments of a talk (it really works to overcome nervousness)

2. Rapport

Rapport is the relationship between your audience.

Be friendly and make eye contact, don’t look over the tops of everyone’s heads

It’s critical that you are able to observe the reactions to your message and make any adjustments to your talk

3. Body language

Remember that 57 % of the message (Box 1) is communicated by what the audience can see.

Avoid any distracting mannerisms like pacing, rocking back and forth on your feet, etc.

Use open-handed natural gestures – as open-handedness conveys security

4. Vocal quality

The sound of your voice carries 36% (Box 1) of the message. It means you should consider the volume, tone, tember and tempo of your presentation. An interesting public speaker or presenter will vary the volume, the tempo, the tember and the tone of the talk to make himself heard. It’s critical to work on delivery techniques such as intonation, stress and pausing .

5. Question time

Do not be afraid of questions from the audience. It is civilized practice to solicit them.

Listen to the speaker carefully, perhaps nodding in approval and paraphrasing the question for clarification

Answer the questions shortly and simply

If you do not know the answer it is better to say so

Специальная лексика для презентации представлена в приложениях (Vocabulary Files 1-4)

Подготовительный этап в создании презентации играет крайне важную роль. Он должен включать аудирование и просмотр видео наиболее ярких выступлений учёных, лекторов и т.д. Здесь весьма полезным представляется сайт http://academicearth.org/, один из популярных аудитивных ресурсов, поскольку студенты могут имитировать профессионально отработанную речь выступающего, заимствовать у него удачные приёмы речи.

Лучший способ освоения навыков проведения презентации — это предоставить студентам практическую возможность выступления в группе.

Не менее важно организовать обратную связь, провести анализ индивидуальных презентационных особенностей выступающего и их коррекцию, т.к. полученные результаты потом можно с успехом использовать для дальнейшего профессионального и личностного развития.

Для более активного восприятия выступлений и презентаций студентам предлагается опорная шкала Presentation evaluation*(Box 3), по которой можно детально и осмысленно оценить сильные и слабые стороны презентации и выставить свою оценку, а также предлагается шкала для самооценки (Box 4).

Box 3

 

Excellent

Satisfactory

Weak

Organization

6

5

4

3

2

1

Were the aims clear?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Were the ideas clearly linked?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Was the summary effective?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Content

6

5

4

3

2

1

Were the facts and information accurate?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Was the content relevant to the topic?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the talk hold the audience’s attention?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker deal with questions effectively?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Language

6

5

4

3

2

1

Was the speaker’s language accurate?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker use a wide range of vocabulary?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker use the signposts?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Delivery

6

5

4

3

2

1

Was the speaker’s voice clear and easy to understand?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Was the speed and volume appropriate?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker emphasize important points well?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Body language

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker use gestures where appropriate?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker maintain good eye contact?

6

5

4

3

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Visual aids

6

5

4

3

2

1

Were any visual aids clear and well presented?

6

5

4

3

2

1

Did the speaker exploit the visual aids fully?

6

5

4

3

2

1

What is your overall impression of the talk?

 

Good points:

 

Weak points:

Suggestions for improvements:

 

Box 4

Tips for self-assessment

Organisation

Content

Language

Delivery

Body language

Visual aids

Overall impression

 

My strengths:…………………………………….

My weaknesses:………………………………….

Group’s suggestions for improvement:…………………………………….

 

 

Рекомендуется также использовать видеозапись выступления, что даёт возможность в ходе обсуждения вернуться к наиболее значимым моментам прослушанной презентации.

Предлагаемый алгоритм подготовки и организации презентации предлагается вводить на занятиях для студентов с уровнем знаний от Intermediate до UpperIntermediate.

 

Критерии оценивания презентации преподавателем

Оценка складывается из следующих составляющих:

1. Содержание высказывания – 1 балл

2. Организация высказывания (структура, логичность) – 1 балл

3. Лексика (лексика по обсуждаемой теме, слова связки, специальные слова и фразы , используемые для презентации) – 1балл

4. Грамматика — 1 балл

5. Произношение – 1 балл

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOCABULARY FILE 1

Beginnings

Getting started

Good morning, everyone.

Shall we get started.

Perhaps, we should begin.

 

Introducing the title/ subject.

 

I’d like to talk to you about….

I’d like to take a look at….

The focus of my presentation today is on….

Stating your purpose/ objective

 

We are hear today to decide/ to learn about/ agree on….

The purpose of this talk is to give you the background to…

In my presentation, I’ll be proposing….

 

Outlining the main parts

I’ve divided my presentation into(number) sections. They are….

First, Ill give you…Second,……Lastly,…..

 

Questions

 

If you have any questions, please feel free to interrupt.

I’ll be happy to answer any questions you have at the end of my talk.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

VOCABULARY FILE 2

Endings

Closing

Thank you for your attention.

Thank you for listening.

I hope you’ve got now the picture/ the idea of…..

 

Inviting questions

 

If you have any questions, I’d be happy to answer them now.

I’d be glad to answer any questions.

 

 

 

 

VOCABULARY FILE 3

 

Signposting phrases

 

Introducing the topic

Giving an example

Let me start by…..

I’ll start by….

First of all…..

Starting with…..

For example…..

A good example of….

To illustrate this point…..

Reaching the end of point

Dealing with questions

Right, I’ve told you about…..

We’ve looked at…..

That’s all I have to say about…..

So much for…..

I’ll deal with this later, if I may, but for now….

I’ll come back to this question later in my talk.

We’ll be examining this question in more detail later on.

Moving on to the next point

Summarising/ concluding

Let me turn now to…

Let’s move onto….

Turning to…..

I’d like now to….

Let’s look now to…

Let’s recap, shall we?

I’d like to sum up now….

Let me summarise briefly what I have said….

In conclusion….

Developing/ analising a point

Sequencing

Where does that take us?

Let’s look at this in more details….

What does that mean for us?

Firstly…secondly…..thirdly….lastly…

First of all…then…next…after that….

To start with…later….to finish up…..

 

VOCABULARY FILE 4

Useful Linking Words

Contrast

Result

Extra information

Sequence

On the other hand

So

Further more

Meanwhile

Even so

Therefore

Moreover

Subsequently

Nevertheless

Thus

Also

Eventually

Alternatively

Consequently

Too

Formerly

Although

 

In addition

Firstly, Secondly etc…

Despite/ In spite of

 

 

Next

However

 

 

Last but not least

 

 

Составила:

Ст. преподаватель ВШИЯ ГИ Большакова Т.В.

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